After many years and lack of vitamins, the bowels get weak and start to buckle. “pockets” or “pouches” are created in the intestines. In these pouches, digested food can be trapped and rot. This is called diverticulosis. (From the Latin word “diverticulum” which means pouches). There may be several pouches in the large intestine.
Digested food can get trapped within these pouches. This slows down digestion and allows bad bacteria to grow quickly. This causes a faulty digestion process. It can get to infections and inflammation.
These pouches can be seen in colonoscopy.
The symptoms that diverticulosis patients experience varies. One of the first changes is in the toilet habit. It becomes irregular and there could be difficulty passing out stools. There are bloated feelings and some pain in the lower abdomen which starts and stops many times. These may go away after the stool is successfully relieved. Diverticulosis is a long-term disease and may leave patients feeling exhausted and frustrated. Since the root cause of it is weak intestine tissues, the best way to deal with it is to strengthen those tissues.
“itis” suffix meaning inflammation in the medical world. So, it indicates a bacterial infection of the intestine.
This is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention in a hospital.
Diverticulitis is a very serious stage of diverticular disease. It has symptoms similar to that of diverticulosis but with the added complications of inflammation. Pain is a symptom common with diverticulosis but much more severe. It is present not just in a specific area but could be spread to other parts of the abdomen. And instead of the pain coming and going away, it is continuous with much less relief for patients. Other symptoms are irregular toilet habits and difficulty in passing out stools. Blood might be seen in the toilet. The infection will most likely result in a high fever.
After eradicating the diverticulitis infection, the patient return to his normal ‘diverticulosis’ diagnosis.
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