Our body is a biological machine that operates on chemical reactions.
This means that our body is an ‘analog’ machine operate by chemical reactions. (Unlike computer machines that are digital machines operating on electric signals).
As an analog machine, as long as the body is within its “operating point” it is “healthy”. When the body gets out of the operating point, it starts to be off-key. In the off-key states, bad things start to happen. Mainly illnesses. Not dealing with the cause of this off-key situation creates ‘chronic patients’.
The author of this article is a physicist. Together with a biologist, we will present you with another point of view on health, medicine, and well-being.
The body within the operating-point
As long as our body is within the operating-point, it operates as it should. It subject to clock ticks that grow us up, make us mature and then make us old.
During this maturing process, we can enjoy a healthy and satisfying life. We can enjoy our daily lives and achieve self-fulfillment.
In the following paragraphs, I will describe several off-key situations that our bodies can be subjected to and what they cause to our bodies.
The body has some physical characteristics that we might measure.
- Body temperature
- Body blood pressure
- Body heart pulses
- Body PH level
- Body joints movements
- Bones rigidity
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale expressing how many hydrogen ions exist in a fluid environment.
Reactive hydrogen ions can stick to many atoms and cause havoc. Our bodies are supposed to be a natural state which is 7. Below 7 it is in an “acidic” state and above 7 is the ‘basic’ state. When our body pH becomes acidic, it desperately needs to return itself to the natural or slightly basic state.
To return to the natural state, our bodies will use whatever resources they have. Most often, they draw calcium from the bones. Calcium reacts with the acid substance to neutralize it. This generates salt that is expelled from the body through the kidneys. However, consistent pulling calcium from the bones weakens the bones – creating ‘osteoporosis’ or brittle bones.
The acidic state is also linked to the formation of cancer cells. Alternative medicine aims to prevent and cure cancer by raising the body’s pH to the basic state. (Using baking soda).
How can we know what is our body pH?
The pH is indicated when we do a urine test. In our homes, we can collect some urine in a disposable cup and dip a Litmus stick in it. The resulting color tells us the pH of our urine and this is related to the pH of our body.
If the Litmus stick indicates an acidic state, it is advisable to drink basic water to neutralize it. The easiest way is to drink a cup of water with half to full spoon of baking soda.
The body’s ‘normal’ temperature should be in 36.5-37.5 degrees celsius. The temperature determines the chemical reaction speed in the body. The body monitors its temperature constantly and adjusts it when needed. When the temperature is too low, the body starts shivering to produce heat. When the temperature is too high, the body emits water over the skin. The water cools the skin when they are evaporated.
My father in law was a soldier in the Russian army during the battle of Moscow in 1942. He taught us that at times of cold we need to jump and exercise. People who shrank inside their coats were found dead in the morning.
High temperature (fever)
When the body is under attack from a biological microbiome, one of its defense mechanisms is raising its temperature. Germs and cancer cells are killed at a temperature of 38-39 degrees Celsius.
Lowering body temperature during illnesses (Using aspirin-like drugs) intervene in the body’s normal healing process. The body has millions-years of experience doing so. Much longer than the “Western Medicine” practice.
In the 17 century, one cancer healing treatment was by infecting the body with some germs. The body reacted by raising its temperature and this kills the cancer tumors. In modern times this treatment is done by applying heat to the body in a controlled environment.
Low body temperature causes slow body metabolism. It can come with severe daily impacts like depression, not getting out of bed, etc.
The most likely cause of this state is a problem in the thyroid hormone usage in the body. If you have a low body temperature or know someone with low body temperature, you should read this book.
The bodybuilding materials
Cholesterol is a vital component of our body cells and tissues. These substances are critical for proper body operation.
Cholesterol is oily particles. Component of fat (lipid) substances found throughout the body. These components are making tissue structures like the walls of our cells. Compounds in our blood that transport nutrients through our blood vessels. Usually incorporated into the structure of what is called lipoproteins (fat + proteins).
The body itself produces cholesterol for its use in the lever. It can also consume cholesterol from the foods we eat.
The body uses cholesterol in times of vitamin-c shortage as bondage in blood-vessels ruptures. It forms a plaque in the place of the damage that seals blood leakage. This can cause blood flow and heart problems. Supplement the body with Vitamin-c allow it to build collagen tissues in the blood vessels and remove the plaque.
There is a drug type called “statin” that inhibits the liver from producing cholesterol. (And some other components like coenzyme Q10). Preventing the liver from operating naturally as it should have consequences. For most people, there is no need to lower cholesterol levels.
Carbohydrates are the main fuel used by our bodies. The body breaks it down to molecules that are transported into the cells. The cells use biochemical reactions to release energy and heat for its use. Protein and fat can also be used as fuel. But carbohydrates are the first choice. As the body runs out of it then breaks down protein, including muscles for the same purpose. When this runs out as well, fat is used. People who have been starving for many weeks look very thin because their protein and fat have been used.
Many organs including the brain and nerves depend on carbohydrates for energy and are affected with low amounts of it. If a person skipped meals, he can get moody. His performance including memory and body strength and coordination suffers.
There are two main groups of this nutrient: simple (sugars) and complex (Starch, Cellulose, glycogen):
- Sugars are the main culprit for overweight and obesity. These are simple chemicals made up of one or two molecules that are joined. These are easily absorbed and taken up by the body to provide instant energy. But if it is too much the body can’t use them. These are deposited in many areas in the body to become fat. These compounds are heavily used in processed and fast foods as both flavoring and preservative. The main reason for the epidemic of obesity and diabetes around the world is the wide availability of commercially manufactured foods.
The US National Institute of Health recommends a daily amount of 135 grams of carbohydrates for adults. Eating more leads to health problems; including degenerative diseases due to long-term cellular inflammation.
- Complex carbohydrates – are built from the same molecules as the simple sugars. But they are joined together to form very long chains.
- Starch which is an ingredient used in making bread is chemically made up of the shorter chains.
- Cellulose is a component that forms the cell walls of plants. It cannot be digested by humans and many other animals. It is more commonly known by the term “fiber.” It is made up of the same substance but its chains a lot longer and more complex than even starches. Our digestive system is not capable of breaking it down for energy. Even so, it is recommended to have a regular amount of cellulose in our diet. Its presence keeps our digestive system healthy and clean as it passes through our gut. It also makes our stool bulky and easy to pass out.
- Glycogen is the natural fuel source of our bodies when energy is needed in burst and intensive time. It is stored in the liver and the muscles.
As a comparison, eating a very sweet dessert made with lots of simple sugars will make our blood sugar shoot up.
Eating a complex, high-fiber bread or oatmeal will provide more sustained energy. So you will want to eat less often. A diet high in simple sugars will cause unstable blood sugar, so it will make you want to eat again and again. If this happens daily, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity-related problems happen. Overeating is one of the biggest ways to get out of the operating-point of the body.
Protein is a macronutrient that is essential to building muscle mass. It is commonly found in animal products, though protein also exists in other sources, such as nuts and legumes.
It is one of the macronutrients. Macronutrients are substances needed by the body in very large doses. That is why they use the term “macro.” Macronutrients provide calories or energy. The body requires large amounts of them to function properly. Protein is a chemical compound composed of amino acids. Amino acids are the basic components that are assembled into proteins. Their tissues are made up of cells, and cells need proteins to be made. So proteins are made not only into muscles but are components of every tissue in the body. These include the microscopic components of blood, enzymes, hormones, and other fluids in the body (like saliva).
Protein can also be broken down in the body when there is a need for energy. When a person lacks carbohydrates in the diet, then the protein in the body is used up for this need. And the person begins to look very thin. Protein also builds up the immune system. So protein shortage weakens the immune system as well.
All food made from meat, poultry, dairy, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, nuts, and seeds is considered part of the protein group. Besides animal sources, there are several alternative sources of protein, including soy, hemp, and whey.
A safe level of protein ranges from 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight up to 2 grams of protein per kilogram for very active athletes.
These chemicals are called “acids.” But don’t consider them as ordinary vinegar and other sour-tasting condiments we use in our food. Their classification is based on the chemical reactions they create in the laboratory. What is more important is that amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. So these are vital nutrients needed for many body functions. These include building up of muscles, enzymes, and hormones. Also important are the chemicals which transmit signals needed by the brain and nerves to properly work.
The protein that is eaten is broken down into amino acids and absorbed from the intestines. These are then re-assembled in thousands of different combinations like giant jigsaw puzzles to create countless protein molecules. There are around important 20 amino acids. Nine of these are called “essential” because the body cannot synthesize them. These have to be taken in through the diet. These are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. Animal proteins like meat, eggs, and poultry are among the best sources of essential amino acids. If their concentration in the diet is not enough, some can be taken in through supplements.
Glutamine is not a vitamin but is an important nutrient nonetheless. It is one of the amino acids. Although it is not one of the “essential amino acids,” it is still crucial for our health. Glutamine plays many roles aside from forming protein molecules. It is the most abundant amino acid in the body. It is usually found in the blood and other body fluids. This enables it to be transported to many parts where it is needed for repair and function. It can also serve to transport other important substances that bind to it. It can even help fight off infection. The body creates it for its normal operation. In certain times when the body is stressed, injured, or during sickness, external supplements would be very useful.
There are two forms of glutamine; L-glutamine and D-glutamine. These are similar in structure but are opposite in orientation. This is like your left and right hands. Only the L-glutamine is mentioned a lot especially on the labels of commercial supplements. This is important because the body can only use the L-form of glutamine. Imagine it like a piece of a jigsaw puzzle or the front end of a key. The cells and tissues of the body have slots or openings into which only the L-glutamine can fit into, not the D-form. And for glutamine to work and do its function, it must first be able to enter the body. So you must first check the formula label to see what form of glutamine is being sold before buying it.
Glutamine’s function also has an overall effect to boost the body’s immunity against diseases. It provides the energy for immune cells, including white blood cells and certain cells in the intestine to function properly. This will provide them the capability to fight off harmful bacteria and viruses. Glutamine also helps maintain the barrier provided by the walls of the intestines to keep out infectious organisms and their harmful toxins from entering into the bloodstream. Healthy intestines are important for our body’s well-being.
A normal healthy person may not need glutamine supplements. But in cases of serious injury, trauma, or illness, the body’s supply of this amino acid may be depleted. Examples are surgery, blood loss, or a disease like cancer. Glutamine made from tissues or the diet may not be enough. Commercial glutamine supplements will be necessary to help replenish the body’s supply and speed up the recovery of the patient. The current RDA is 3 to 6 grams.
Vitamins are chemical catalysts. These are molecules that enable chemical reactions within the body cells. The reactions help the cells and tissues to function, grow, and reproduce. If they are in extreme shortage – our bodies begin to breakdown.
Some of the vitamins are created within our bodies. Vitamin D, for instance, is created by sun radiation over our skin as a fatty substance. This substance is gradually absorbed through the skin into our blood. Washing our body after suntan with soap removes this fatty substance and reduces the amount of Vitamin D we get. Other vitamins are created in our intestines by our germ flora.
The two main classifications of vitamins are based on whether or not the vitamin dissolves in fat, or water. First, are the vitamins which can easily dissolve in fat (or oil). These are the so-called “ADEK”-vitamins; A, D, E, and K. The other group can readily dissolve in water. These are the B-complex vitamins and vitamin C.
Their respective properties can be important or useful especially if someone is taking vitamin supplements. For example, vitamin C easily dissolves in water and so it is quite easily removed from the body through the urine. This means that it is quite safe to consume in large doses, if the amount taken is above the body’s needs, then it just passes out through the urine. But because of this, water-soluble vitamins are easily lost from the body and we need regular supplements of them.
For oil-soluble vitamins, taking supplements can be more effective after eating oily or fatty food. It is easier to be absorbed into our bodies after such a meal. These vitamins are stored in the liver and fatty tissues of the body for a long time. So we don’t need to eat them daily. But this also means that it is easy to get too much amount from our diet. This could result in toxic effects.
These vitamins are immersed in oily molecules and fat. They are accumulated in our body in the fat tissues and are released to the bloodstream as needed.
The chemical name of this vitamin is retinol. It has many functions in the body. It is well known for taking care of our eyesight and adjust to light changes. Without it, our vision suffers from what is called “night blindness.” Vitamin A is also important to grow our bones and teeth and control our immune system. The skin, eyes, and mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat, and lungs depend on vitamin A to remain moist. Vitamin A also functions as an antioxidant that can help prevent cancer. Current vitamin A RDA is 899 micrograms.
Vitamin D makes the absorption of important minerals like calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus from the intestine more efficient. It also keeps the proper blood levels of these minerals in balance to help maintain bone strength. Lack of it leads to weaker bones which fracture more easily (osteoporosis).
Vitamin D also boosts the immune system. Only foods like the flesh of fatty fish, contain significant amounts of vitamin D. The main natural source of the vitamin is from the sun’s rays stimulating its production in the skin. The current RDA for this vitamin is 10 to 20 micrograms.
Vitamin E is well-known as the ‘antioxidant’ vitamin. These natural chemicals protect cells from being damaged by toxic chemicals called free radicals. The long term damage could result in stroke, heart disease, cancer. Free radicals exist everywhere; from man-made pollution and also from the sun’s damaging radiation. These are even produced by our bodies when the food we eat is used for energy and growth. Exposure to free radicals is unavoidable. So antioxidants are very vital to counteract their harmful effects. Vitamin E is recognized as among the most potent.
There are many chemical forms of vitamin E. But there is only one form that is directly beneficial to human health. This is Alpha- (or α-) tocopherol. The liver stores this vitamin and only this form is released by it into the blood. 15 mg. RDA.
This vitamin is most important for the normal function of blood to clot. A lack of it results in easy and continuous bleeding. Clotting is a chemical process. Vitamin K produces a protein which is a critical component of this process. Vitamin K is also required for the normal development and maintenance of bones. Lack of it can lead to brittle or weak bones.
Other observed benefits include the delay of memory loss as a person gets older. Calcium sticking to the walls of tiny blood vessels within the brain has been observed to increase as a person gets older. This can lead to memory loss. Vitamin K can slow this calcium deposition and so help preserve the memory for older people. This effect of the vitamin on calcium will also benefit the blood vessels of the heart and help prevent heart disease. The current RDA for adults is 70 micrograms.
Water-soluble vitamins are molecules that move fast in and out of the body, As such, we need to eat them in our daily diet.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in various foods and sold as a dietary supplement. It is used to prevent and treat scurvy. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient involved in the repair of tissue. It is required for the functioning of several enzymes and is important for the immune system. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient for certain animals including humans.
In humans, vitamin C deficiency leads to impaired collagen synthesis, contributing to the more severe symptoms of scurvy. Another biochemical role of vitamin C is to act as an antioxidant (a reducing agent) by donating electrons to various enzymatic and non-enzymatic reactions.
Current evidence does not support its use for the prevention of the common cold. There is, however, some evidence that regular use may shorten the length of colds.
Vitamin C is generally well tolerated. Large doses may cause gastrointestinal discomfort, headache, trouble sleeping, and flushing of the skin. The current RDA for adults 90 mg.
These are a group of water-soluble vitamins. These are not stored by the body so are needed in the diet each day. These fulfill vital functions for the maintenance of good health. Although these vitamins share some characteristics, they all have unique functions and are needed in different amounts:
B1 (thiamine): Thiamine plays an essential role in metabolism by helping convert nutrients into energy. The richest food sources include pork, sunflower seeds, and wheat germ. RDA adults: 1.2 mg.
B2 (riboflavin): Riboflavin helps convert food into energy and also acts as an antioxidant. Foods highest in riboflavin include organ meats, beef, and mushrooms. RDA adults: 1.298 mg.
B3 (niacin): Niacin plays an important role in the proper functioning and maintenance of cells and DNA. Food sources include chicken, tuna, and lentils. RDA adults: 1.3 mg.
B5 (pantothenic acid): Like other B vitamins, pantothenic acid helps your body obtain energy from food and is also involved in hormone and cholesterol production. Liver, fish, yogurt, and avocado are all good sources. RDA for adults: 5 mg.
B6 (pyridoxine): Pyridoxine is important in making amino acids which are the building blocks of proteins. It also helps to make red blood cell production and molecules to make the nerves function properly. Foods highest in this vitamin include chickpeas, salmon, and potatoes. RDA: 100 mg.
B7 (biotin): Biotin is essential for the body to properly use the fats and carbohydrates we consume. Yeast, eggs, salmon, cheese, and liver are among the best food sources of biotin. RDA: 300 micrograms.
B9 (folate): Folate is needed for growing and multiplying body cells especially in the blood. This boosts the production of protein. It can be found in foods like leafy greens, live,r and beans, or in supplements as folic acid Recommended daily intake – 400 micrograms.
B12 (cobalamin): Maybe the most well-known of all the B vitamins. This vitamin makes the nerves function properly. It is also important in making our DNA and red blood cells. B12 is present in meats, eggs, seafood, and dairy products. Recommended daily intake – 2.4 micrograms.
B-complex supplements usually contain all B-vitamins in one pill.
B-vitamins benefits patients with heart disease patients. High blood pressure demands more energy from the heart to work for pumping the blood. B-vitamins.
Minerals are atoms while everything else is molecules. So these are naturally found in the environment. Many of these minerals play an important role for proper body function. These are needed for building up tissues or for the proper control of important body functions.
Unlike vitamins, they do not have to be manufactured by living organisms. As they are atoms taken up from the environment by both plants and animals. So it is easier to obtain the needed requirements from food or water. As an example, placing a copper coin or salt (sodium and chloride) into a glass of water can provide the amount needed by the body.
There are many minerals essential for the body in trace amounts. Those mentioned below are particularly important to enable the process of healing of damaged tissues to take place.
Copper and Zinc
Copper is a required ingredient for the body to manufacture the collagen needed to repair damaged tissues. It is also important for the creation of red blood cells that distribute oxygen needed for proper body metabolism and repair. In the past, the water pipes made from copper used for distributing drinking water to homes. The water absorbed the copper in these pipes before being drunk by people. So there was almost no instance of copper-deficiency back then. Nowadays, the piping changed into a plastic-based PVC. And the cases of illnesses caused by copper-deficiency rose.
The mineral zinc is also essential in the healing and repair of damaged tissues like those suffered by the artery walls. It also serves as a counter-balance by preventing the overaccumulation of copper in the body. Zinc is lacking in plants. So vegetarians need to take zinc supplements to prevent overaccumulation of copper.
A recommended dose for copper is about 2 mg/day, while that for zinc is around 30 mg/day. If your house uses copper pipes or if you are a vegetarian, then you could avoid the copper and just supplement with zinc. If neither of the above is true, then a copper/zinc combination supplement is the best.
Recommended Daily Allowance for adults: copper – 1.1 to 1.4mg. zinc – 11 mg.
Magnesium and Calcium
If you have heart disease, then the number one mineral that you must always have is magnesium. It is very effective for conditions when the heart is having difficulty in beating normally (arrhythmia). It also prevents blood clots (anti-coagulant). It is vital for many reactions within body tissues that produce energy. A person having muscle cramps can get relief by taking magnesium. Lack of magnesium is one of the easiest deficiencies to resolve for people who do not take mineral supplements.
Two hundred to four hundred mg/day is the recommended dose. The risk of overdose is minimal at these levels. The symptom is mostly limited to diarrhea. For best results, supplements labeled as “magnesium malate” are the easiest for the body to digest. As a bonus, malate (malic acid) helps to dissolve gallstones.
Calcium is the counterpart of magnesium. Both minerals act to counter regulate each other. Calcium’s functions in the body are mostly opposite to that of magnesium. It can limit the absorption of magnesium from the diet. If you have a magnesium deficiency, it is best to consider taking a supplement without any calcium to prevent it from blocking the entry of magnesium into the body. Another option is to find a supplement with a much higher amount of magnesium than calcium.
These are the recommended daily intake of the two minerals: magnesium – 400 mg and calcium 1000 mg.
Sodium and Potassium
Both sodium and potassium are minerals which are also called “electrolytes.” Electrolytes carry an electric charge when dissolved in body fluids such as blood. Both are present in body fluids in very large amounts because they are crucially required to properly control the body’s fluid balance. These are also needed for nerve transmission and muscle contraction.
They keep the balance of water in and around your cells and are important for proper muscle and nerve function. It also helps maintain stable blood pressure levels.
Most of the body’s sodium and potassium are in the blood and the fluid around cells. The same is true for potassium. They work in tandem to help muscles and nerves work, including those that control your heartbeat and breathing.
Potassium comes from the food you eat. Your body uses the potassium it needs. The extra potassium that your body does not need is removed from your blood by your kidneys
For adults, the recommended daily intake for sodium is 500 mg. and 2000 mg. for potassium.
It is one of the minerals important for the structure of our bodies. It is a part of every cell and tissue. Along with calcium, it helps to maintain the strength of our bones and teeth. It is also critical to maintaining the body’s chemical balance. Many symptoms can happen from a lack of phosphorus. These could range from fatigue, weakness, brittle or soft bones, and nervous disorders.
Foods with a good amount of the mineral include meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, and some processed foods (like soda drink). The recommended daily intake for adults (19 years and older) is 700 mg.
Iodine is a chemical element that also serves as an important nutrient. This is a critical component in the making of some hormones which regulate important body functions. Our brains and nerves need it to develop properly. It is also a very powerful substance against microbes including bacteria and fungi. Many commercial disinfectants use it in their formulation. It is usually applied to the skin against inflammation and to kill germs and heal wounds. It is very effective against ulcers on the eyes, skin, and inside the mouth or throat. Using it can prevent the loss of vision for patients with infected eyes.
This nutrient is also needed by women to make their reproductive cycle normal. Lack of it may cause them to stop ovulating and become infertile. Even pregnant women need it to protect their unborn babies from underdeveloped brains.
Iodine needs to be taken by the body from diet. This nutrient is mainly found in the sea. Some sea creatures, like seaweed, is able to concentrate it in their tissues. But most foods naturally contain very little of it. Processing of certain ingredients like salt can add iodine.
It is the thyroid gland that needs iodine to make hormones. If there is not enough iodine to do its job, the thyroid needs to work harder in order to make it. This causes it to become bigger in order the meet the workload. The result is goiter which is a condition where the neck area gets swollen.
Other illnesses due to iodine deficiency are mental retardation. The lack of iodine can also increase the chance for cancer in other organs of the body such as the breast, prostate, and ovaries. The recommended daily intake (RDI) of iodine is 150 mcg per day for most adults.
Iron is very much needed in our bodies. For one, it is a critical component of red blood cells that distribute oxygen and carry the CO2 waste product to our lungs to expel it. In particular, it is a part of the structure of hemoglobin. This protein molecule gives the blood its red color. It helps our muscles store and use oxygen in order for the body to use energy. It is also needed to create other important proteins and enzymes.
Symptoms caused by a lack of this mineral are related to its functions mentioned above. A lack of iron will lead to low hemoglobin and abnormal red blood cells. This condition is called anemia. It will show as paleness of the skin. A low number of red blood cells means less distribution of oxygen to body tissues. This causes low energy or body weakness. The person gets easily tired and has difficulty breathing. The lack of oxygen to the brain causes dizziness, headaches, or lightheadedness. The body will try to compensate for the lack of red blood cells and oxygen so the heart will increase its beating. This can be observed by the doctor.
Common sources of iron are rich red meats, fish, poultry, clams and oysters, egg yolks, nuts, dried fruits, leafy green vegetables like bitter melon, iron-enriched bread, and cereals. The average daily iron intake from foods and supplements is 19.3–20.5 mg/day in men and 17.0–18.9 mg/day in women older than 19.
Zinc is present in many cells of the body and has many important uses. Like other minerals, it is also needed for making protein and enzymes. Zinc strengthens the immune system to help fight off infection and heal wounds faster. For women, zinc helps their babies to be born normal and healthy.
It is also important for the healthy development and maturation of DNA and sperm. This is why zinc is often advertised for many health supplements as giving and maintaining sexual vitality
Some illnesses related to a lack of sexual vigor and impotence have been medically linked to zinc deficiency. This even includes conditions that affect a person’s physical appearance. So symptoms like unhealthy, dry, scaling skin with pimples or thin and sparse hair could be related. Infections could also happen more easily. A lack of appetite and other digestive problems are also symptoms. A person’s mental and emotional health could even be affected by a lack of zinc.
Many of the foods rich in iron as listed before are also good sources of zinc. Currently, the recommended dietary allowance for zinc in the United States is 8 milligrams a day for women and 11 mg a day for men. The element is naturally found in many different foods, but it is also available as a dietary supplement.
Manganese is one of the trace minerals. This means the body only needs very tiny quantities for proper function unlike even other minerals such as calcium and phosphorus.
This mineral is much needed for the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is a component of many enzymes, so it is a vital part of many chemical reactions that regulate the body processes. The kidneys, liver, pancreas, and bones could store up to 20mg. of the mineral. But getting it regularly from the diet is needed. Adequate amounts of manganese can be found in a wide variety of foods, like fruits and vegetables.
A few symptoms of manganese deficiency include impaired growth, reproductive problems, and weak bones in affected women.
The current daily recommended dose of this mineral for adults is 11 mg.
These are substances that are naturally found and synthesized in plants. As we eat them, they get taken up into our body tissues as well. Their molecules have properties that interact with other substances within and outside our cells and tissues. That is why they are described as “bioactive.” Many of these activities were designed by the plant’s tissues to help the plant grow and adapt to the harsh conditions in the environment. This includes the harmful radiation from the sun in places that are very exposed to it, as well as very dry conditions in places with small quantities of water. It even helps the plant to repel insects and other pests which feed on them.
The remarkable thing about bioflavonoids is that the beneficial effects it provides to plants can be transferred to people when the plants are eaten. The damage to cells and tissues comes from too much radiation from the sun, pollution, or free radicals from the food we eat. The damage “oxidizes” the cells. Substances that can protect against these damages are called “antioxidants. Bioflavonoids are among the many so-called antioxidants. These substances help maintain the health of circulatory and nervous tissues. These help clear up toxins and free radicals to help prevent allergies and cancer. Bacteria and certain other microbes could even be killed off.
There are thousands of forms of bioflavonoids. These can be found in many fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Even dark chocolate has many of them. Research on flavonoids for the past decades have found the beneficial effects they can give to support health and delay the effects of aging. Because of this, they are now being used for medicine, and are used in many health supplements.
Flavonoids also complement the action of better-known antioxidants like vitamin C. So the end result is a greater boost in the beneficial health effects. Health supplements take advantage of this by combining the two in commercial preparations.
A good example of a bioflavonoid is Rutin. This substance has a specifically potent effect on the circulatory system. It is the perfect bioflavonoid for the patient with heart disease. It helps vitamin C perform its function by prolonging its presence in the blood. It delays the breakdown and elimination from the body. For heart maintenance, at least 500mg/day should be taken. If you have advanced heart disease, 2-3 grams would be beneficial.
Other promising flavonoids are orientin and vicenin which have been observed to help the body repair after an injury from radiation. These may help the DNA repair faster in cells that had been damaged.